Appendix B: Domesticated Species

4 Apr

Appendix B: Domesticated Species

Domesticated species, organisms that have been trained to live with or be of service to humans, include agricultural plants, livestock, household pets, laboratory animals, and others. Below is a listing of the common and scien- tific names of a variety of economically important domesticated organisms. Species that are given their own entries in the dictionary (i.e., barley, chicken, and corn) are omitted from this list.

alfalfa  Medicago sativa
almond  Prunus amygdalus
alpaca  Lama pacos
amaryllis  Amaryllis belladonna
anise  Pimpinella anisum
apple  Pyrus malus
apricot  Prunus armeniaca
artichoke  Cynara scolymus (globe)
ash  Fraxinus americana (white)
asparagus  Asparagus officinalis
aster  Aster novaeangliae (New England)
avocado  Persea americana
balsam fir  Abies balsamea
bamboo  Bambusa vulgaris
banana  Musa species
bass  Micropterus salmoides (large mouth)
bean  Vicia faba (broad): Ricinus communis (cas-
tor); Phaseolus limensis (lima); P. aureus (Mung);
P. vulgaris (string)
beech  Fagus grandifolia (American); F. sylvatica
(European)
beet  Beta vulgaris
begonia  Begonia rex
birch, paper  Betula papyrifera
blackberry  Cultivated blackberries are derived
chiefly from three species of Rubus: R. argutus,
R. alleghaniensis, and R. frondosus.
blueberry  Vaccinium corymbosum
bluegrass  Poa pratensis
Brazil nut  Bertholletia excelsa
breadfruit  Artocarpus communis
broccoli  Brassica oleracea italica
broomcorn  Sorghum vulgare technicum
Brussels sprouts  Brassica oleracea gemmifera
buckwheat  Fagopyrum sagittatum

cabbage  Brassica oleracea capitata
calabash  Lagenaria siceraria
camellia  Camellia japonica
canary  Serinus canaria
cantaloupe  Cucumis melo cantalupensis
cardamom  Elettaria cardamomum
carnation  Dianthus caryophyllus
carp  Cyprinus carpio
carrot  Daucus carota sativa
cashew nut  Anacardium occidentale
cassava  Manihot esculenta
cauliflower  Brassica oleracea botrytis
cedar, eastern red  Juniperus virginiana
celery  Apium graveolens
cherry  Prunus cerasus (sour), P. avium (sweet)
chestnut (European)  Castenea sativa
chick pea  Cicer arietinum
chili pepper  Capsicum annuum
Chinese cabbage  Brassica rapa
chive  Allium schoenoprasum
chrysanthemum  Chrysanthemum morifolium
cinnamon  Cinnamomum zeylanicum
clove  Syzygium aromaticum
clover  Trifolium pratense (red), T. repens (white)
cocoa  Theobroma cacao
coconut  Cocos nucifera
coffee  Coffea arabica
coriander  Coriandrum sativum
cowpea  Vigna sinensis
crabapple  Pyrus ioensis
cranberry  Vaccinium macrocarpon
crocus  Crocus susianus (cloth of gold)
currant  Rhibes sativum
daffodil  Narcissus pseudo-narcissus
date palm  Phoenix dactilifera

dill  Anethum graveolens
Douglas fir  Pseudotsuga menziesii
duck  Anas platyrhynchos (mallard)
ebony  Diospyros ebenum
eggplant  Solanum melongena esculentum
elephant  Elephas maximus (Indian)
elm  Ulmus americana
endive  Cichorium endivia
ermine  Mustela erminea
fig  Ficus carica
foxglove  Digitalis purpurea
geranium  Pelargonium graveolens
gerbil  Merinoes unguiculatis (Mongolian)
ginger  Zingiber officinale
gladiolus  Gladiolus communis (one of hundreds of
species)
goat  Capra hircus
goose  Cygnopsis cygnoid (Chinese)
grape  Vitis vinifera (common wine)
grapefruit  Citrus paradisii
guava  Psidium guajava
hazelnut  Corylus americana
hemlock  Tsuga heterophylla (western)
hemp  Cannabis sativa (marijuana), Agave sisalana
(sisal)
hickory  Carya ovata (shagbark)
holly  Ibex opaca (American), I. aquifolium (Euro-
pean)
hollyhock  Althea rosea
honey locust  Gleditsia triacanthos
hop  Humulus lupulus
huckleberry  Gaylussacia baccata (black)
hyacinth  Hyacinthus orientalis
iris  Iris versicolor grandiflorum (blue flag)
ivy  Hedera helix (English)
jasmine  Jasminum officinale
juniper  Juniperus communis
kapok  Ceiba pentandra
laburnum  Laburnum anagyroidies
lavender  Lavandula officinalis
lemon  Citrus limon
lentil  Lens culinaris
lettuce  Lactuca sativa
licorice  Glycyrrhiza glabra
lime  Citrus aurantifolia
lingonberry  Vaccinium vitis-idaea (also called
mountain cranberry or lowbush cranberry)
llama  Lama glama
lotus  Nelumbo lutea (yellow)
lychee  Litchi chinensis
macadamia  Macademia integrifolia
maguey  Agava cantala (Manila), A. atrovirens
(pulque)
mahogany  Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian)
mango  Mangifera indica

marigold  Tagetes erecta (garden)
marten  Martes americana
millet  Pennisetum glaucum
morning-glory  Ipomoea purpurea
mullberry  Morus rubra
mushrooms
common edible  Agaricus bisporus
Chinese  Volvariella volvacea
shiitake  Lentinus edodes
musk ox  Ovibos moschatus
mustard  Brassica hirta (white)
narcissus  Narcissus poeticus
nasturtium  Tropaeolum majus
oak  Quercus suber (cork), Q. alba (white)
okra  Hibiscus esculentus
olive  Olea europaea
orange  Citrus aurantium (sour): C. sinensis
(sweet); the naval orange is a cultivar of this spe-
cies.
oyster  Crassostraea virginica
Pak choy (Chinese cabbage)  Brassica campestris
pansy  Viola tricolor
papaya  Carica papaya
parakeet  Melopsittacus undulatus
parsnip  Pastinaca sativa
passionfruit  Passiflora edulis
peach  Prunus persica
peanut  Arachis hypogaea
pear  Pyrus communis
pecan  Carya illinoensis
peony  Paeonia officinalis
pepper  Capsicum frutescens (red), Piper nigrum
(black)
peppermint  Mentha piperita
perch  Perca flavescens (yellow)
persimmon  Diospyros kaki (Japanese)
philodendron  Philodendron cordatum
phlox  Phlox drummondii
pickerel  Esox niger (chain)
pike  Esox lucius (northern)
pine  Pinus lambertiana (sugar)
pineapple  Ananas comosus
pistachio nut  Pistacia vera
plum  Prunus domestica
poinsettia  Euphorbia pulcherrima
poppy  Papaver somniferum (opium)
quince  Cydonia oblonga
radish  Raphanus sativus
raspberry  Rubus occidentalis (black); R. idaeus (red)
redbud  Cercis canadensis
reindeer  Rangifer tarandus
rhubarb  Rheum officinale
rose  Many species of Rosa are grown commer-
cially. The most common are R. centifolia, R. da-
mascena, and R. multiflora

rubber  Hevea brasiliensis
rutabaga  Brassica napus
rye  Secale cereale
sandalwood  Santalum album
sequoia  Sequoia gigantia (big tree), S. sempervirens
(coastal redwood)
sesame  Sesamum indicum
sorghum  Sorghum bicolor
spearmint  Mentha spicata
spinach  Spinacia oleracea
spruce  Picea pungens (Colorado blue)
strawflower  Helichrysum bracteatum
sugar cane  Saccharum officinarum
sunflower  Helianthus annuus
sweet potato  Ipomoea batatas
Swiss chard  Beta vulgaris cicla
sycamore  Platanus occidentalis
tangerine  Citrus reticulata
taro  Colocasia esculenta
tea  Camellia sinensis (Thea sinensis)
teak  Tectona grandis

thyme  Thymus vulgaris
timothy  Phleum pratense
trout  Salvelinus frontinalis (brook), S. namaycush
(lake), Salmo gairdneri (rainbow)
tulip  Tulipa gesneriana
tulip tree  Liriodendron tulipifera
turkey  Meleagris gallopavo
turnip  Brassica campestris
vanilla  Vanilla plantifolia
vicun˜a  Vicugnavicugna
violet  Saintpaulia ionantha (African)
walnut  Juglans regia (English)
water buffalo  Bubalus babalis
watermelon  Citrullus vulgaris
wild rice  Zizania aquatica
willow  Salix babylonica (weeping)
yak  Bos grunniens
yam  Dioscorea alata
yucca  Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree)
zinnia  Zinnia elegans

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