INTERPRETATION OF STR PROFILES

12 Apr

INTERPRETATION OF STR PROFILES

Figure 6.8 The green loci from a profile produced using the AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus® kit. The size of each peak has been calculated along with the peak heights and areas. The first amelogenin peak was detected after 13.13 minutes (which is when data point 3570 was taken) and is estimated to be 103.33 bp long, the peak area is 20712 rfu and the peak height 4058 rfu and require further analysis. This comparison of unknown peaks to the allelic ladder can be done manually or by using the Genotyper® (Figure 6.10) or GeneMapperTM ID software (Applied Biosystems), which will compare all the unknown alleles in the profile to the allelic ladder.

Figure 6.9 The allelic ladder of the AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus® kit contains all the common alleles (see plate section for full-colour version of this figure)

THE ANALYSIS OF SHORT TANDEM REPEATS

Figure 6.10 The comparison of an unknown allele with the allelic ladder allows the THO1 alleles to be classified as 7 and 9.3. The size of the unknown allele and the allele in the allelic ladder are not identical but fall within 0.5 bp of each other. The 0.5 bp match windows are indicated by the shaded areas. The final result is a profile where alleles have been assigned to all of the peaks in the profile (Figure 6.11). The STR profiles should be identical regardless of the laboratory where the analysis took place or the variations in the methodology that may have been used to generate the profile, such as different DNA extraction and quantification techniques and capillary electrophoresis platforms. Loci that are included in different commercial kits should also produce identical results (Table 6.2).

Figure 6.11 assigns alleles. If the peaks in the profile deviate more than ±0.5 bp from the allelic ladder they are designate ‘off ladder’ (see plate section for full-colour version of this figure)

REFERENCES

Table 6.2 Profiles have been generated from the same DNA sample using three commercial kits, the AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus®, AmpFlSTR® Identifiler® and the PowerPlex® 16. The alleles that are detected in the loci that are common between the kits are all identical

Further reading
Butler J.M. (2005) Forensic DNA Typing: Biology and Technology and Genetics of STR Markers, second edition. Academic Press, London.

Butler J.M. (2006) Genetics and genomics of core short tandem repeat loci used in human identity testing. Journal of Forensic Sciences 51, 253-265.

WWW resource
Ruitberg C.M., Reeder D.J., and Butler J.M. (2001) STRBase: a short tandem repeat DNA database for the human identity testing community. Nucleic Acids Research 29, 320-322. (http://www.cstl.nist.gov/div831/strbase/)

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