Rules Regarding the Arrangement of Entries
The arrangement of entries in the current edition has not changed since the publication of the previous edition. Each term appears in boldface and is placed in alphabetical order using the letter-by-letter method, ignoring spaces between words. Thus, Homo sapiens is placed between homopolymer tails and homosequential species, and H-Y antigen appears between hyaluronidase and hybrid. In the case of identical alphabetical listings, lowercase letters precede uppercase letters. Thus, the p entry is found before the P entry. In entries beginning with a Greek letter, the letter is spelled out. Therefore, β galactosidase appears as beta galactosidase. When a number is found at the beginning of an entry, the number is ignored in the alphabetical placement. Therefore, M5 technique is treated as M technique and T24 oncogene as T oncogene. However, numbers are used to determine the order in the series. For example, P1 phage appears before P22 phage. For two- or three-word terms, the definition sometimes appears under the second or third word, rather than the first. For example, definitions for embryonic stem cells and germ line transformation occur under stem cells and transformation, respectively.
We owe the greatest debt to Ellen Rasch, whose critical advice at various stages during the evolution of the dictionary provided us with wisdom and encouragement. We also benefited by following wide-ranging suggestions made by Lloyd Davidson, Joseph Gall, Natalia Shiltsev, Igor Zhimulev, and the late Hampton Carson. Rodney Adam, Bruce Baldwin, Frank Butterworth, Susanne Gollin, Jon Moulton, and Patrick Storto suggested changes that improved the quality of many definitions. Atsuo Nakata kindly brought to our attention many typographical errors that we had missed.
We are grateful to the many scientists, illustrators, and publishers who kindly provided their illustrations to accompany various entries. Robert S. King, who took over secretarial functions from his mother, Suja, and elder brother Tom, worked cheerfully and tirelessly throughout the project. Vikram K. Mulligan suggested various terms and modified others, and Rob and Vikram’s drawings illustrate eight of the entries.
Robert C. King
William D. Stansfield
Pamela K. Mulligan